The World Council for Nature (WCFN) has become aware that elected representatives of the Rural Community of Campobello, N.B., are minded to approve a windpower project situated right across the Atlantic Flyway, on their island which is used as a stopover point by thousand upon thousand of migrating birds. Indeed, much of the 15x3km island of Campobello has been included in a designated Important Bird Area, the IBA Quoddy Region, and the wind turbines will be right inside it. Another part of the island is a national park, international in fact: the Campobello Roosevelt International Park. It is hard to imagine a worse location for installing giant blades revolving at up to 250 kph at the tip (1), which are known to kill many millions of birds and bats around the world (2).
If this weren’t enough, the island is narrow, stretching from North to South, causing the
Project to have a maximum impact on migrating birds, which are flying, landing and taking off
along this North-South axis. Being located near the shoreline, on a narrow passage beween two
bodies of water (3), the 50-meter long fast-moving blades will have a maximum lethal effect on
Spain’s 18,000 wind turbines may be killing 6-18 million birds and bats yearly, many of which
of conservation concern (2). The average per turbine comes down to 333-1000 deaths annually,
which is a far cry from the 2-4 birds alleged by the American Wind Energy Association, or the 400,000 birds
claimed by the American Bird Conservancy (ABC) for the whole United States, which has over twice
farms. So did Save the Eagles International (4) and Birdlife Bulgaria. Most other bird
societies have preferred the way to riches by collaborating with the wind industry, and this has
– e.g.: “In a summary of avian impacts at wind turbines by Benner et al. (1993) bird deaths
today’s bigger turbines, which are still moving fast and sweep much more airspace, kill even more
birds, as shown by Dr Smallwood (6).
In these circumstances it is likely that the turbines on Campobello Island, to be situated
within an Important Bird Area (IBA) on a migration route, will be killing over 1,000 birds
Region is a haven to globally significant populations of a number of protected bird species (7)
its perimeter is tantamount to putting land mines in a school yard.
These birds are known to forage along the shorelines of the island, where they will meet with the
which they sometimes attempt to perch. The movement of the blades does not deter them – see
the video (8). It is easy to foresee there will be a massacre of these great birds, as there has been elsewhere (9).
Other ill effects will hurt the tourism industry, which is vital for the island, and the trees for
living or working up to 10 km’s from the turbines will be at risk (11). All things considered, it
needs to be subsidized and ultimately increases everyone’s electricity bills, including the islanders’.WCFN joins Nature Canada in opposing the selection of this narrow island for a wind energy
project. The fact that, for the moment, a single wind turbine is to be erected does not mean
the IBA and the International Park, for the forest on the island, and for its inhabitants. We
reserve the right to consider you and your government legally responsible, collegially and
personally, for adverse consequences that may occur if the turbine(s) is/are built.
Please acknowledge receipt of this letter.
At 14 rpm (revolutions per minute), the tips go faster: 314 meters circumference x maximum rotor speed of 14 rpm = 4,396 meters per minute x 60 minutes = 263 kph at the tip
(2) – 6-18 million birds and bats killed yearly by 18,000 wind turbines in Spain:
http://www.ibacanada.ca/maps/sites/NB037.pdf– Enlarge the map below (link) and look for Welshpool, about 1 km North of Roosevelt
Campobello International Park: https://maps.google.es/maps?hl=es&ie=UTF-8&q=roosevelt +campobello+international+park&fb=1&gl=es&hq=roosevelt+campobello+international +park&hnear=roosevelt+campobello+international+park&cid=0,0,3116499434452762989&ei=fQTeT_GWM-Gw0QWno43eCg&sqi=2&ved=0CAgQ_BIwAA
(5) – PIER Study of the California Energy Commission (2002). See page 12, first paragraph –
Research on Avian Collisons with Wind Turbines in California.
(6) – http://savetheeaglesinternational.org/?page_id=755 —> see footnote 5
(7) – IBA Quoddy Region – Wilson’s Beach/Plage Wilson, New Brunswick.
(8) – Video of turkey vulture perched on a moving windmill.
(9) – Eagles killed by wind turbines: http://www.iberica2000.org/Es/Articulo.asp?Id=3071
(10) – Wind Turbines on fire: http://www.iberica2000.org/documents/eolica/PHOTOS/FIRES/
(11) – Explicit Cautionary Notice: