The Vindication of Don Quixote: The impact of noise and visual pollution from wind turbines on local residents in Denmark

South Kent Wind Samsung Pattern Chatham Kent Sinclair Ln 1

This is a paper published last year by reseachers at the Department of Food and Resource Economics (IFRO), University of Copenhagen.

I’ll leave the considered comments for others better qualified than myself; but, these 2 excerpts give a taste of what the researchers found –  they provide the all  important numbers in the text.

In this article we quantify the marginal external effects of nearby land based wind turbines on property prices capitalized through traded residential properties located within 2,500 meters or less. We succeed in separating the effect of noise and visual pollution from wind turbines.

We conclude that noise and visual pollution from wind turbines have a considerable impact on nearby residential properties.

When Don Quijote was tilting at windmills he was fighting imaginary giants. At present, wind turbines are a symbol of sustainable energy, the way of the future. However, local residents who live in close proximity to these sustainable giants experience some very real negative externalities in the form of noise and visual pollution.

Okonomi
Cathrine Ulla Jensen
Toke Emil Panduro
Thomas Hedemark Lundhede

Abstract
In this article we quantify the marginal external effects of nearby land based wind turbines on property prices capitalized through traded residential properties located within 2,500 meters or less. We succeed in separating the effect of noise and visual pollution from wind turbines. This was achieved by using a dataset covering 21 municipalities and consisting of 12,640 traded residential properties sold in the period 2000-2011. We model the hedonic price function in two steps. First we detrend data across municipalities using a pooled cross sectional model which allows for different price trends across municipalities. Second we control for spatial autocorrelation by using explicit spatial models. Properties affected by noise and visual pollution from wind turbines are identified using Geographical Information Systems. Our results show that wind turbines have a significant negative impact on the price schedule of neighboring residential properties. The visual pollution accounts for 3.15% of the residential sales price. The price premium declines with distance by about 0.242% of the sales price for every 100 meters. The effect of noise depends on the noise level emitted and ranges from 3% to 7% of the sale price for residential properties.

Read paper here

3 thoughts on “The Vindication of Don Quixote: The impact of noise and visual pollution from wind turbines on local residents in Denmark

  1. If a non-participating person’s home is surrounded on several sides with multiple turbines towering closer than 1 km – what is that home’s loss in value? I’d speculate at least 35% – if sellable at all! There needs to be a formula for this “cumulative effect”. Then, who makes this homeowner whole for their immediate loss – the wind company? the land owner hosting the turbines? the government? a combination of the three? How are municipalities going to stay solvent when tax revenues plummet? Can the property tax for owners hosting the turbines be increased? What about the homeowners that have already had to sell their homes at a huge loss? The GEA scheme has destroyed the lives of many families.

    • Your line of reasoning makes perfect sense to me. Compensation to neighbours where turbines have been placed too close to their property will have to be pursued. As for projects already approved, constructed but not yet turned on, a sober second thought by wind companies about the ramifications is in order.
      If justice is not served, then there is something horribly wrong with this picture.

      • You can bet your bippy that there is something horribly wrong here!

        I’ve lived for > 4 y surrounded by 18 IWTs all within 3 [THREE] km of a house I built in order to accommodate an aging body and am now a wandering vagabond traipsing from place to place just to find somewhere to lay my head to get restorative sleep rather than suffering the adverse effects of the sleep deprivation I experience whenever I’m forced to return.

        Justice has NOT been served; instead it has left our community distrustful of every level and agency of govt, municipal, provincial, federal which was complicit in permitting the behemoths to destroy our peaceful enjoyment of our hard earned shelter.

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